Design of Tafresh Rug (Rugman)
|Original name||قالی تفرش|
|Alternative name(s)||Tafresh Carpet|
|Common designs||Medallion, Afshan, Tribal|
|Common colors||Crimson, Beige, Red, Blue, Cream, Green, Orange|
|Dyeing method||Natural, Synthetic|
|Knot type||Asymmetrical (Persian)|
Tafresh is a small town, 260 km south west of the capital city of Tehran, in central Iran. It produces gorgeous handmade rugs that are known to bring a warm feeling to a floor. Although better in quality, the rugs of Tafresh closely resemble those of Hamadan. This is because Tafresh is located between Qum and Hamadan. Tafresh rugs usually have a dense thick pile, made with fine wool. Smaller pieces are much more common than larger ones. Another characteristic that these rugs have, is their unusual softness. This can probably be associated with the high quality wool used in the making. The patterns are usually floral with some animal elements, but sometimes geometric styles can be seen. The tribal rugs of Tafresh are an intelligent way to enhance the decor of a room and make the floors pleasant to walk on.
Tafresh is a town located in west central Iran. In the past, it was a village known for weaving rugs beginning in the 1900s. Old Tafresh rugs are categorized as Hamadan Mosul Rugs. The rugs have a cotton foundation and a wool pile. The Turkish (symmetric) knot is utilized.
Tafresh rugs are semigeometric and have their own design characteristics, with a large medallion in an Open Field and medallion quadrants in the corners. The medallion appears in three styles: with a large circular palmette woven in the middle; with flower heads, leaves, and vines woven throughout; and with sixteen extended pendants with leaves and flower heads around the edges. At times, small tribal, primitive design elements are woven in the field. The main border has large palmettes surrounded by flower heads, leaves, and vines.
Most Tafresh rug backgrounds are woven in reds or ivory. Along with these colors, different shades of blue, beige, green, brown, gray, and gold appear in the borders, medallion, design elements, and outlines.
Formats range from small mats to rugs approxi-mately seven feet by four feet six inches. The grade qualities are generally good to very good.
Early Tafresh rugs measuring approximately four feet by seven feet can have a market value up to $6,000. By the last quarter of the twentieth century, some Tafresh weavers switched from their traditional designs to make styles similar to those of neighboring areas to meet the demand of domestic and foreign consumers.
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- ↑ Moheban, 2015, 563
- Abraham Levi Moheban. 2015. The Encyclopedia of Antique Carpets: Twenty-Five Centuries of Weaving. NewYork: Princeton Architectural Press.