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Design 13-Rugman Collection-WikiRug.jpg
Medallion Design (Rugman)
General information
Original nameلچک و ترنج
Alternative name(s)Lachak Toranj, Medallion, Shamsa (Arabic), Toranj
Origin Iran
Weave AreaIsfahan, Kashan, Nain, Tabriz, Heriz, Kerman, Yazd

Medallion shamsa (Arabic), toranj (Persian). A large enclosed portion of a design usually located in the center of the field. Common shapes are diamonds, octagons, ovoids, hexagons, and stars. Medallions may be lobed or stepped. Where there is a single central medallion, quarters of that medallion may be used as corners or spandrels in the rug. There may be several medallions or parts of medallions in rug designs.
Medallions are somewhat less common in tribal rugs than in urban rugs. Some of the medallion designs of Ottoman and Safavid court rugs are similar to contemporaneous designs of book bindings. One theory holds that the designs of the earliest medallion court rugs were derived from book bindings.[1]


  1. Stone, 2013, 187


  • Peter F. Stone. 2013. Oriental Rugs: An Illustrated Lexicon of Motifs, Materials, and Origins. North Clarendon: Tuttle.